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Heo ec Hoee aac co cao o o pae ecox epcex aco aeoo epeooo aoa a. Ho eo paaoc a ceo, o cc 17 e Hoe caoo Poeepa pa x pao copoo aa epeoop o paee eoo pa acaax ce ae.

Poee pee eo opopa opeooo Pocc o ca. Beco 1873 oa eeppa a Kaa opac Poep Hoe (a oo), o pecaee ooo ceeca poccco-ecx pepaee. pa pae Hoe oa oa o paeca p aa a ooa oo, oea a Kaa peoaac, o a opexo peec x pao. Ho, oaac a, Poep Hoe e co co po «eo xopa», o eee o epea 25 c pe ecoo epcex aco ae epeo ao.

Pcoaoe o oo coaoe oee oaaoc a. e ope 1876 oa eeppe poa epe 300 oe c epoco pae Hoe. B 1878 o o ocpo ep a oo eepoo ep pe aco aep, o «opoacp» oo oaac o eoo pacoppo epoca epex oax.

Beco ceeo, 1879 oa, o ooe eo 3 oa pe, pa Hoe pe ooe «Toapeco eoo pooca». oo pex pae Hoe o copeee ca apo ep, eepa apep pe ope Pocc oo pee, oece eco ceec aee c a cax epxax poccco popa.

Texece oeca, oepeca xaa coe c oo «Toapec eoo pooca pae Hoe» cpo aoea poccc po. «aae oapeca o ec aepac epoc Pocc, a ae aa o epoca a pa», – a caac pooe oa Hoe apee 1883 oa, ca a copa ao oapeca Ca-eeppe. Cc ceo a oa pae Hoe a eep ce eeo Pocc, a x epeoe ao c 53% ceo poooo cpae epoca, c eo cooc o 20 pa. «Hoeeca» po e oo ooc eca aepac epoc c pocccoo pa, o ceo a a eapo po, e paee a e epaeo ococoa epoc Aep o Standard Oil aeoo Poeepa.

Bceo a a oa Hoe pe poccce copep epoca o Poeepa o pe pa A aec a Epo. Caca pocccoo eecopa ex e opaae – aac 1881 o co cpox x c o, a ce e o ec 264 paa! cepe 1886 oa eepp epeoopo c pa Hoe p aepae epep , a pecae Standard Oil aao Epoe.

o cxa, pococ aepac pecc, Poeep peo Hoe aacec o e peea c 10 oo oapo a, ec o coacc o e x eo ec. Ho ece pa oaa aepa – cop epoca Pocc oaee cpa aao Epo opa co aae p. Hapep, cee, 1887 o ep aep c eepoa pae Hoe pe pa. «pcc opoc» (oa oopo pee epec Standard Oil) cpa ca a oe aepaco ooo, aca Poeepa peo c ooe e poaaeoo Epo epoca.

Cpec oppoa c aepaa, Hoe ca epa ocapceo o. B 1889 o ace ao «Toapeca eoo pooca pae Hoe» o oce ap Aecap III.?Pac c eepoea aacoo, oapx ooea oaec oep aao Epoe. e cee, 1890 o c oa ap, apc peoeae caoo capa, pa Hoe coeco c Deutsche Bank pe «Heeo-pccoe oeco opa e», cpa o aepacx oooco ec ac epacoo pa.

ep pa «epocoo o» ocac a Hoe. pa oeceoo Poeepa pa x pao copoo c 1890 oa aa epeoop o paee eoo pa acaax ce ae.

: 26.08.2021 | 00:41 | : 349


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